hallux valgus deformity in orthopedics is called the characteristic curvature of the foot with eversion at the sides and jutting out of the bone at the base of the thumb. Pathology is found in children and adults. Changes associated with uncompensated flat pedes. In a first-degree alterations, orthopedic footbed with hallux valgus deformation helps to keep the muscles and ligaments the bones of the arch to the situation physiological and is used to correct the deviations.
Development of the disease in a child depends on the patient run parents to medical appointments (massage, gymnastics therapy, physiotherapy). Adult patients also have to wear shoes orthopedic. Insoles-arch supports (orthoses) are part of the product, play an important role in the choice of the right version of shoes, boots, boots.
The main point of support of the foot is the heel area of the little finger and the first metatarsophalangeal joint. If observed physiologically normal load axial of the body, the foot is not deformed, and performs its function of cushioning when walking. Not all people have the ligaments and muscles of the foot and leg are equally developed. This is revealed in the children, independent steps of a child.
The first manifestation of the flattening of the arch. Then, under the pressure of divergent tarsal bone, to widen the intervals between them. Baby reflex is starting to lean to the inner part of the foot and the fingers are constantly twisted to the side of the sole.
Adult primary manifestation in addition to foot plan is a strong deviation of the first metatarsophalangeal joint to the center of the body, and the phalanx of the thumb towards the little finger. Manifests lump painful (Halus valgus), which makes it impossible to wear shoes that cause pain, cramps.
The objective of the templates for hallux valgus of the foot is a restoration of the normal position of the bone bases, the creation of support for the weakened muscles and ligaments.
In children the feet are deformed after years under the influence of a premature load, rickets, metabolic disease, genetic weakness of the ligamentous and muscular system, injuries.
For an adult, typical reasons are:
Distinguish hallux valgus deformation in function of the causes, in the International statistical classification provided by ICD code:
The formation of the foot of the AD is relevant and the type of flatfoot:
Necessary templates are selected according to the degree and type of flatfoot.
The purpose of hallux valgus templates, which implies a podiatrist, is to bring the arch of the foot in the correct state. Constant correction is complementary to massage, morning exercises therapeutic exercises for the muscles, physiotherapy.
Anti-hallux opposition help to fix muscle imbalance in children and stop the destruction of the articulating surfaces in adults. Templates serve as a coach.
In patients notes:
Therefore, it is crucial to use of orthoses for the prevention of aggravation of the flat feet:
Template shows the people in the profession long forced to remain in feet.
In the design of orthotics include:
Given the parts are combined in a rigid frame or a frameless soft construction. Previous templates (tab) is not in the incomplete models.
For the manufacture of the materials used:
It is often used in the production of combination (pastry) - the skin with the face, plastic frame, metallic inserts. Standard products are produced by the casting method or sealed according to the specified parameters of anatomical. From the material depends on the stiffness of the orthosis.
The best are the templates suitable for a greater ease and comfort.
Standard templates conform to the size of the Shoe, when attached to the interior is based on the toe and the heel. Produced mini-products. Shown in the early stages of hallux valgus deformity. Its advantages are determined by the form:
The buyer has the option to purchase option: purchase of a ready-made standard template or to make an order for the production of individual products in accordance with the parameters of the feet. You must pay attention to the following points:
The template is selected by the length of the foot. In the skin there should be no gap. In these places is friction and blisters.
The most practical are products made of natural materials, and the paste of leaf is made individually. The price is determined by the quality of the workforce.
Experts recommend not to buy the product on the market in shady stops without the corresponding certification. Safer to make a purchase in orthopedic salons, shops. Shopper will answer all your questions, help you choose the best model.
Varieties of inserts, arch supports differ in the method of manufacture of the form. Depending on the production:
The form of the comments:
According to the testimony of distinguished the correctors:
The longitudinal flat feet is accompanied by the alignment of the arch, lengthening of the foot. The pain is felt when pressing on the environment. In the template provides elevation of the inner face.
When transverse flatfoot deformity in the toe. The leg close to a conical Shoe. Suitable semi-template or a special type with a rubber coupler. It is mounted in the region of the metatarsal bones.
Combined items require fixing both of the arches and the heel, said cushions to support a deviation of the big toe.
The optimal parameters of the product - a complete reflection of the problems of the forms of foot.
Individual orthopedic insole made in workshops by the rules or pre-cast of the foot. Specialists are able to customize a standard piece of plastic under the individual circuits. The method is applied for the selection of children's orthoses.
The deformation in function of the child - the presence of flatfoot longitudinal type. So templates, is complemented by the structures that affect the arc longitudinal. When the longitudinal-transverse form of the disease have focused on three points of support, the reduction of the pressure on the heel.
Since the development of the legs of the person change, we recommend changing the templates of adult patients with flat feet every 2 years and in the case of hallux valgus strain every 6 - 12 months. A mandatory pre-consultation of the doctor.
After the purchase of the templates must be familiar with care instructions. The useful life varies according to the engine of the activity of a person, real weight, the fly. The first layer diffuse, made of wool, velvet. The framework does not change, it retains utility.
To remove impurities, it is proposed to clean the surface with a damp cloth with soap or a brush. Forbidden to rinse with fresh water jet machine and washed, drying on a radiator.
If the Shoe inserts got wet in the rain, wipe and let it dry in the air without the light of the sun. Daily you have to remove the products of the Shoe, let it dry for the night.
For lovers of everything to do with your hands here is a brief introduction to the fabrication of the arch support on the basis of the templates of the old shoes: