Valgus deformity of the thumb (Halyuks valgus, bunion) - is a pathology of the foot, which is apparently manifested by the curvature of the thumb to the outside. In people, this disease is often a lump or a bone.
But valgus deformity of the big toe - not just a problem of aesthetics of the nature. The appearance of this pathology may indicate the presence of disorders of the musculoskeletal system, the metabolism. Bursitis chronic can give a boost to the development of osteoarthritis or arthritis. Advanced cases lead to the progressive deformation of all the toes.
Occurs hallux valgus of the first toe of the foot under the influence of a number of reasons. Most often a blow to the leg occurs due to the incorrect selection of footwear (tight shoes, high-heel shoes). Confirms the hypothesis the fact that Halyus valgus suffer the most are women. But modern medicine highlights a number of additional factors:
It is manifested valgus deformity of the first toe with the appearance of small bumps at the base. First, don't bring any discomfort, but later manifest different symptoms:
Halyuks valgus (Hallux - big toe, Valgus - deviation) has four degrees of deformation in function of the angle of curvature:
The first and the second the extent of the disease is more of a default aesthetic and suggests active measures of prevention. In the presence of third or fourth degree of the disease and valgus deformity of the big toe, treatment is required.
For diagnosis, the patient should consult a podiatrist. Diagnosis begins with a visual examination of the affected area. The expert drew attention to the degree of deviation of the thumb, range of motion, the presence of deformities.
Apparently, the signs of the bones of the foot are similar to the symptoms of diseases such as arthritis, deforming osteoarthritis, gout. To confirm the diagnosis, the doctor may prescribe additional studies:
In parallel, the doctor collects information about the history of the disease: the limitations of deformation, the presence of factors led to, the speed of progression. At the time of assigning a course of treatment is determined by the presence of the diseases concomitant of the patient.
After the confirmation of the presence of the disease hallux valgus big toe, the treatment may be assigned to operative or conservative.
Advanced cases suggest surgery. According to the phase of deformation, is applied to one of the types (and more than a hundred) surgical intervention:
Any surgery involves the subsequent post-operative care and the recovery period. In the early days, it should not fall on the operated foot, the movement is done with the help of crutches. Full rehabilitation of the patient takes up to three to four weeks.
In some patients there is a relapse of the disease and the knot appears again. To avoid this problem in the next few months after surgery are shown to wear comfortable, wide shoes. A good effect in the period of rehabilitation provide physiotherapy.
We should not forget about the possibility of complications after the surgery:
The conservative treatment of hallux valgus of the first toe
Hallux Valgus is a disease that occurs not in a day or even a month. Timely access to a specialist-orthopedist, when pathological changes have not yet reached a critical level, it removes the need for surgery.
Conservative treatment is aimed at fixing the correct position of the foot, uniform distribution of the load, improves the blood circulation and the stabilization of the musculo-ligamentous tone. Modern medicine has a number of methods that allow the treatment of hallux valgus of the first toe without surgery:
Another group is the treatment cones popular ways with iodine, turpentine, honey poultice, lotions of medicinal herbs. The use of traditional methods should only accompany the main course of treatment and conducted only after consultation with your doctor.
The greater effect in the conservative treatment Halyuks valgus has the to regulate the use of orthopedic correctors. They allow you to stop the pathological processes in the early stages, or significantly slow the pace of its development. There are several types of correctors:
The most popular checker - valgus tire (chips). It is a versatile device that has been used with success in several areas:
Valgus splint is a small bandage, adjustable comfortable strap. Is fixed rigidly to the joint in the correct position. Therefore, the normalization of the circulation of the blood in the region damaged, clenched muscles relax. Changing the position of the belt, the checker can be used as an alternative to the two legs.
Regular use of a night brace helps to eliminate or prevent the deformation of the foot, as well as to carry out the correction of the position of the transverse arch.
Valgus splint can not be used in conjunction with street shoes! To this effect, developed other orthopedic correctors. The best option is a night of support, it is recommended that you wear during sleep and rest. The design allows to maintain the mobility of the foot, so it absolutely will not cause discomfort during sleep.
There are some contraindications for the use of a night brace:
If a person has, perhaps, following the dress code, a couple of hours a day to spend on shoes uncomfortable, or his parents had bone in the foot, is also at risk. According to statistics, in hallux valgus the big toe, often affects women after fifty years. Now is the time to think about prevention. The disease is very insidious and has no obvious signs in the early stages. To appear hallux valgus can even in children.
The main measures of prevention are:
Take care of your feet, immediately contact your doctor and not the start of the illness until it can heal. Be healthy!