Flat hallux of the foot in children how to avoid the consequences?

Flat hallux foot the child is a severe pathology, the treatment should be selected individually. Once the baby starts walking, passes a small window of time before your walk will be uncomfortable and unsafe. But some adults notice that their child continues to clumsily step on the internal surface of the foot. This defect is called valgus foot.

General information about the disease

Experts point out that for the deformation that is characterized by the decrease of the arch of the foot and the axis of the limb becomes X in the form. The heel and the toes will develop in term, decrease in the middle part of the foot. The campaign becomes awkward, and a little when walking quickly gets tired and complains of pain in the leg.

Visible signs of the disease

Know what is valgus foot in children, parents can check if there are defects in the springs. To do so, the child should stand straight and the impact on the knees. In this position, the distance between the edges of the ankles must be more than 5 cm.

Some symptoms are visible when walking:

  • the baby does not occur in the foot, but only on the inner part;
  • foot X-shape;
  • uncomfortable walking with an uncertain step;
  • drag the feet in walking;
  • feeling tired during your hike.
Curvature

All these symptoms (except the first two) can be seen in children who are taking their first steps. But with the development of the ability to walk, as a general rule, all the symptoms disappear. Another thing, if the child has always walk alone, and the last symptoms left. Do not panic, but to show a baby the doctor has d'.

Causes of Flat hallux default

There are two forms of the disease, congenital and acquired. Signs of children under the age of 3 years indicates that in the uterus changes. But the origin of the disease in children over the age of finds the doctor, on the basis of the results of their surveys.

The reasons that influence the development of the defect are:

  • mechanical damage to the foot injury;
  • selected the wrong size and uncomfortable shoes;
  • infectious disease suffered by the child;
  • little developed joint and muscle tissue, which does not allow keep the foot in correct position
  • rickets, after which the bones weaken, which affects the change of the feet;
  • disorders in the endocrine system;
  • unbalanced diet (lack of minerals and vitamins).

To clarify the reasons for the development of valgus of the foot they are doing the correct research, then, the doctor gets the treatment.

The extent of the disease

There are 4 degrees of valgus disorders that differ in severity of occurrence and the severity of the defect:

  • First degree. Normal deviation angle not greater than 15 degrees. In this stage, the disease responds well to conservative treatment methods.
  • Second degree. The angle of deviation does not exceed 20 degrees. This condition is successfully corrected by massage, gymnastics, physiotherapy.
  • Third degree. The deviation angle not greater than 30 degrees. Defect correction is difficult, the treatment is quite long, but with proper therapy, the persistence of parents and doctors, the prognosis is favorable.
  • Fourth grade. A deviation from the norm exceeds 30 degrees. In this case, the conservative treatment fails, surgical intervention.

As you can see, the first two stages of the disease respond well to conservative treatment correction is very simple and not long. With the third and fourth degree much more complicated.

Diagnosis of valgus flat foot

Diagnosing a disease of a child surgeon orthopedic. Diagnosed on the basis of the examination and assign additional tests, which include computer plantography, x-rays of the feet, podometry. If the diagnosis is made without these studies, you should consult another doctor.

Often children with valgus pathology sent for a consultation with a neurologist to rule out problems with the Central and peripheral nervous system. Once found all the causes that cause deformation of the feet, the doctor sets the type of injuries according to etiology:

Tort of legs
  • The deformation is static. This loss is detected when the wrong posture.
  • The deformation of structure. In this case, the defect is congenital causes. In general, when this curvature to stop the slope is located correctly with a deviation in the direction.
  • Compensatory deformation. The baby happens of the functional deformation of the foot with a shortened Achilles tendon and chamfered legs.
  • Deformity correction. This defect occurs if a child is well treated or not treated with conventional flat feet.
  • Spasms nervous strain. The reason for the curvature — malfunction of the cerebral cortex. As a result, there are frequent spasms of the extremities.
  • Deformation nerve. Usually a consequence of complicated by encephalitis or polio, was admitted to the early childhood.
  • Corruptio est instabilis. Formed in rickets.
  • The consequences of the injury. For changes of the foot can cause fractures of the bones of the foot (and ankle), torn ligaments, injuries of hip and thigh.

Treatments

Treatment of PLANO-valgus of the foot in a child is chosen in function of the age and the degree of deformation. If the disease is congenital, that is used to studies special. If you find the disease, splints carry out the installation, the fixing of dressing or splint, which are fixed limbs. The blocking element is selected by the doctor-orthopedist. Acquired defects of the foot can be corrected globally.

Bathrooms

The positive therapeutic effect achieved by means of a series of procedures. Important role in the treatment and have a foot bath. The procedure requires the temperature of the water is about 40 degrees. In hot water, add the sea salt. In this treatment solution the baby's legs should be longer than 30 minutes.

To improve the action in a container with water, put the massage cushion and asked him to walk on it. The procedure strengthens the muscles without excessive stress on the foot. At first glance, this process seems useless, but when used regularly to cure the foot as possible.

Massage

Massage — a method that also aims to release tension in the muscles of the muscles and ligaments to be elastic and resistant. Promotes the normal development of the limbs and improve circulation.

Massage with Flat hallux of the feet starts from the back, and then a massage of the lower back and buttocks, then legs with feet. We are going to consider the stages of therapeutic massage:

The movements are smooth and pumping, is directed along the back of the neck. Then, bent fingers rubbing the back, a hand moving up and the other down. Complete back massage rubbing movements.

The spine and perform massage of the lower back.

The gluteal region, to stroke the return match of fingers or making light Pat.

Foot massage from thigh to knee dimples, then the entire back of the leg stretch.

Calf flexing and relaxing movements, rubbing, shaking.

Special attention has been given to massage. Rubbing and making the groove between the toes and the heel.

Physical therapy

In addition to the baths and massage, the doctor may prescribe other supplemental procedures. Normally, in valgus the foot is recommended:

  • boots or ozocerite baths;
  • wax wrap;
  • swimming treatment;
  • electrophoresis;
  • Exercise;
  • acupuncture;
  • magnetic therapy;
  • an application of mud;
  • walking barefoot on pebbles, sand, Mat.

Physiotherapy

To strengthen the effect of massage will help you special exercises you can do at home:

  • rotate your feet inward;
  • the bending of the rear part of the foot;
  • bending of the foot and the toes;
  • grip plants, small toys, pens, pencils (doctors suggest to draw with a pencil that has the feet);
  • the rotation of the feet.

In order to ensure the proper exercise, it is recommended to attend a specialist. And, then, given the complexity of all the exercises that you can do at home without assistance.

Special shoes

Massage

Shoes with hallux valgus defect must be orthopedic and meet some of the requirements:

  • Hard, high boots side of the part and the heel should be stiff and high. It is necessary for a tight fit talus-calcaneal and ankle.
  • Adjustable and comfortable bras that will firmly lock the foot, but it can't hurt.
  • The top edge should be smooth.
  • The presence of right heel and sole. Orthotics in the heel called "Thomas heel" — the inside length of the outer 1.5 times.
  • Genuine leather outside and inside, the surface of the template is smooth.
  • Size of orthopedic shoes should be selected so that the difference between the length of the template and the foot length is not less than 1 cm and not more than 1.5 cm Medical shoes easy to adapt to any integrity of any foot and elevation of the leg.

Buying shoes orthopedic must be in a special shop or the orthopedic salon. She just bought a new one. You can't make use of his eyes, and orthopedic shoes are deformed with the features of the foot.

To wear shoes, it is recommended not only in the street, but at home. The wear this helps to relieve the excessive load on the muscles, the proper support of the foot and the formation of a correct motion.

Surgical treatment

In advanced and severe cases are shown in the Flat hallux of the feet in children, surgical treatment. There are several types of surgical intervention. But the essence of any operation is the cutting of the ligaments or the attachment of ligament to the bone in order that their mobility was minimal.

Surgery is rarely carried out against children. Normally, in the majority of cases, positive results can be achieved through preventive measures.

In the first place, parents should carefully monitor the progress of their children, and in what position is the foot. When the first signs of damage and in case of doubt, it takes time to respond and consult a doctor. In the first year of your baby to visit a podiatrist should be 2 times a year.

Subject to certain rules it is possible to prevent the development of the disease:

  • There is No need to save on shoes for children. Must be comfortable and chosen strictly on size. Should not buy shoes with soft, premium unique.
  • To teach your baby to exercise from early childhood. Gymnastics promotes strengthening of the immune system, the bones and the muscles. In the day to practice in about 15 minutes.
  • Massage course must be held 2 times a year.
  • A beneficial effect on the feet have a foot orthopaedic Matt.
  • Allow the baby walk barefoot on the sand, grass, small pebbles. If it is possible, once a year to bring the child to the sea.
20.08.2018