The disease primarily affects women, but can develop in men.The basis of pathology – a curvature and deformity of the joints of the leg, which is reflected in the fact that they are deformed. In the front part of the foot is very broad, and the ligaments and tendons are strongly displaced from its place.
To say exactly why it appears this disease, there is no way. Can participate in both external and internal. In the first place, is the inheritance. The disease occurs mostly in women, if it was his mother.
Another risk factor that can be considered the main female character. In men are common in several times less, and for them it is rather the exception.
I was wearing uncomfortable shoes and high heel shoes for a long time, it can also be considered a factor in the development of the disease. In this case the load on the fingers, and begin to deform.
Another important risk is the cross-footed, which affects the muscles and ligaments. And, finally, the reason could be the excess weight, injury, trauma, and other damages this part of the foot.
It is important to note the presence of deformation of the first toe at the first stage. Only in this case, the treatment will be successful and quick. While you can fix it all without the help of the surgery. Only to distinguish between the 4 phases of the process.
In the first degree there is only a slight deviation of the first toe – not more than 20 degrees. The discomfort that comes with it.
In the second stage, the deviation angle is more than 20 but less than 30 degrees.
In the third stage, the finger can move at 50 degrees, others are also very deformed. Limited range of motion that produces pain.
In the fourth step the deviation of more than 50 degrees, comes deformation of the entire foot, the pain becomes constant.
This is one of the most unpleasant and dangerous diseases. Therefore, when the first symptoms of the need to consult a doctor for diagnosis and prescribe the most appropriate treatment.
Valgus deformity of the first toe has its own symptoms. In the first stage there is a slight bulging of the bones that is especially noticeable in the thumb. Any discomfort or pain in patient is not, therefore, in the clinic the majority of women do not go in a hurry.
Gradually the big toe starts to deviate from its normal position. There is heaviness in the legs, a pain that occurs during long walks or long stay in a standing position. It becomes impossible to walk in heels, just shoes with a flat surface and a large nose.
With the development of the main symptom becomes a pain. Can last all day and even at night. Begins with the inflammation of the joints, which can redden and swell.
In the fourth stage of deformation very noticeable. It affects different joints of the foot. The pain can worsen at certain times and also there is constantly.
Independently to suspect the disease easy. But accurate diagnosis requires radiography. Also, the disease can not be independent, and to be the cause of arthritis, gout and other diseases of the skeleton.
If the disease is in the first stage, after the diagnosis it is necessary to use the method of exploration of magnetic RESONANCE.
The treatment of hallux valgus should be performed only by a doctor. It is desirable to do so in the first stage. Initially assigned to conservative therapy that helps the majority of patients with this diagnosis, but you need to understand that the treatment will be very long, and necessarily complex.
If there is inflammation, the first step is to get rid of him. To achieve this we have often used special gels and ointments.
It is important to only wear shoes orthopedic, that will be only for the purpose. If you are overweight, be sure to normalize the power as much load on the legs is not conducive to your health.
If conservative treatment has failed, surgical treatment is applied. This files most often completely removed the much of the bone, is the restoration of the ligaments and fixation of the joint special plate.