Degree hallux valgus stop

Valgus feet develops gradually: in the first place, the patient complains that his feet hurt after long walks, especially on the heels begins to turn on the the big toe joint, where a slight blow, then it is very difficult to find shoes, bends the big toe and the forefoot. The only thing that increases seal corns or calluses, the second one said that going to the top and takes the form of a hammer, it will bend and not bend. Interrupted blood supply to the joint, accompanied by intense pain when walking, later threatened by the disability.

hallux valgus degree

Hallux valgus is widespread among women after 40, as well as between children from 9 months to 1.5 years, when a skill walk. Pathology is of an internal nature and the external, the change in the bone tissue of the foot caused by negative external effects, accompanied by sensations, the identification of "bumps" near the big toe and its curvature. Format incorrect load on the inner part of the foot, which is the outer part and the little finger slightly raised.

The operation condition of the disease has very negative effects: cutting pains excessive load on the spine, its curvature, the appearance of arthritis and osteoarthritis, clubfoot, bunions. You need a proper timely treatment, as well as the use of individually tailored shoes orthopedic.

The causes of the disease and hallux valgus degree

The main causes of the deformity:

  • transverse platypodia,
  • the inheritance,
  • endocrine diseases,
  • osteoporosis.

The disease can also cause the appearance of varicose veins, flat feet, congenital defects, trauma, intensive joint mobility and others.

Even uncomfortable shoes or boots that enables the development of bones in the foot, however, are not the root cause. The deformation arises from the improper disposition of the load in the internal part of the foot, which is the outer part and the little finger slightly raised. It is the interruption of the connective tissue (ligaments).

More importantly, what can we do to prevent the disease to choose the right shoes or using orthopedic staff at the time, not wasting time.

hallux valgus degree is measured using the following variables:

  • the angle between I And II metatarsals;
  • the angle of divergence of the great toe and I metatarsal bone.

Therefore, there are different degrees of valgus deformation of the big toe:

  1. Hallux valgus degree 1: it is characterized by the presence of an angle less than 12° between the 1st and 2nd metatarsal bones, and the deviation of the first toe less than 25°.
  2. Hallux valgus 2 degree represents the angle of deviation between the metatarsal bones of at least 18 degrees, and the angle of deflection of the thumb more than 25°.
  3. Hallux valgus of 3 degrees, is also the end, has an angle of deviation of more than 18° of the first criterion, and the angle larger than 35° the second criterion.
hallux valgus degree of treatment

Causes of the disease in children and the degree Halus valgus

The disease in children can be congenital or acquired. However, the first appearance of the disease is very rare, while the second of the causes that often connective tissue dysplasia, which leads to minuit ligaments, that can not withstand the excessive pressure of the spine. In addition, an inadequate baby shoes, bad ecology, excessive weight, genetic predisposition also contribute to the development of this disease.

In medicine it is accepted to distinguish four degrees of hallux valgus disease:

  1. The slope of the heel portion is not higher than 15°. Enough preventive measures to eliminate the causes of the disease.
  2. A deviation from the norm, up to 20°. In this case, it will help to simple physical treatments.
  3. The deviation angle does not exceed 30°. For their removal it is recommended that intensive and prolonged treatment, however, surgical intervention can be avoided.
  4. The angle of inclination of more than 30°, which is the critical level at which surgical intervention is necessary.

Please note that for the determination of the degree of deformation it is necessary to consult a qualified specialist who was revealed in x-ray the degree of hallux valgus, prescribe an effective treatment.

The symptoms of hallux valgus

How can we recognize the presence of this disease?

First, the patients suffer from pain in the feet, that is to say, in the field of the metatarsal bone. It is manifested after a long hike or to the load on the legs. The manifestation of hallux valgus stop in function of their degree of deformation and the scenario is different in the nature and the strength of discomfort in the acute and pain pain.

Second visual deformity of the big toe. As shown in the photo, the foot loses its normal form, the development of the bone ekzistas (hardening of bone tissue – "bump"), and the big toe starts to deviate from its axis and moves to rest, lying on the second finger.

In addition, the phalanges of the second and third fingers appear corns, the sensitivity of feet decreases, the swelling and redness of the skin.

Flat hallux deformity of the foot, as has been said previously, is a pathological violation of the provisions of the foot. The pressure is curved, the height is reduced, and its operation proceeds in a way unnatural. Characteristic symptoms:

  1. Pronounced deformity of the foot. The axis dramatically shifted to one side, the distance between the ankles is increased in the standing position. Please note: the legs and feet at this stage are x-shape.
  2. Obvious cosmetic defects are accompanied by discomfort when walking inconvenience when choosing the shoes. In addition, the hallux valgus contributes to the development of abnormalities: flat feet, osteoarthritis and other diseases, due to the improper functioning of the whole.

All these symptoms lead to the conclusion about the presence of abnormalities, but the reliability of the information necessary x-rays and other procedures.

Diagnosis of hallux valgus

A first step is a thorough examination of the patient to a specialist foot examination of the bones. Timely treatment can be the primary factor in the appointment of treatment. X-ray show that the stages of a patient. Since this disease causes the development of comorbidities, after the above procedures, the picture becomes more clear.

Diagnosis of hallux valgus in children is more complicated. For the full study, detection, causes and complications of the disease recommended treatment by several specialists: pediatric orthopedist, the neurologist and the surgeon. Depending on external manifestations doctor prescribes:

  • production of x-rays;
  • Ultrasound diagnosis of the joints and ligamentous apparatus.
  • Computer plantography.
Attention! To notice the symptoms of hallux valgus in a child, in any case, do not spend self-treatment, as this can contribute not only to the progress of the disease, but also lead to complications.

Treatment of hallux valgus

The disease is given to avoiding treatments in the majority of cases. The main ways of dealing with valgus deformity of the big toe are:

  1. To regulate the use of especially selected shoes orthopedic and corrective insoles.
  2. Sports (race walking, Running, gymnastics).
  3. The use of separate fingers of the pills.
  4. The use of orthoses joint of the first finger.
  5. The aim of the massage of certain areas on the feet.
hallux valgus degree of adult

These methods of treatment is also indicated for hallux valgus in children. Experience as a medical doctor can be assigned to electrophoresis, electrical or magnetic stimulation of the muscles, it would be useful paraffin and swimming.

Depending on the stage of a warp use different forms of rectification.

  1. In the initial of the title, who begins to become inflamed bone, it is necessary to increase the arch of the foot, using templates with cross-tuber. After compresses with Dimexidum, bath salt, physiotherapy, massage. But more importantly, the right shoes.
  2. In the second grade, when a small deformation of the front part of the big toe: make sure that the workforce, the use of silicone inserted between the great and second toe, or by applying a valgus splint for abduction of the thumb. Physiotherapy, massage, traditional methods to relieve the swelling joint.
  3. In the most severe of the extent of the deformation in the use of traditional methods of physiotherapeutic treatment does not bring the desired result. Surgical intervention is necessary.

When you run 3 degrees of the disease may need an extreme measure of surgery. Is divided into several types:

  • the method of Dangerous, which consists of 6 sessions of correction of the foot with more plaster;
  • artdesire operations, associated with the increase and strengthening of the muscles of the foot, however, this method is accompanied by pain prolonged, and, therefore, is not applied;
  • minimum invasive surgeries allow you to increase the tension of the ligamentous apparatus, to change the angle between the bones.

As is clear from the above, Flat hallux deformity of the foot is quite common, especially in women. It lends itself well to an effective treatment in children and adults. Timely detection and adequate treatment will prevent its development and complications. Follow for the health of the feet, and please you with its strength, beauty, stamina for many years.

03.09.2018