Valgus feet develops gradually: in the first place, the patient complains that his feet hurt after long walks, especially on the heels begins to turn on the the big toe joint, where a slight blow, then it is very difficult to find shoes, bends the big toe and the forefoot. The only thing that increases seal corns or calluses, the second one said that going to the top and takes the form of a hammer, it will bend and not bend. Interrupted blood supply to the joint, accompanied by intense pain when walking, later threatened by the disability.
Hallux valgus is widespread among women after 40, as well as between children from 9 months to 1.5 years, when a skill walk. Pathology is of an internal nature and the external, the change in the bone tissue of the foot caused by negative external effects, accompanied by sensations, the identification of "bumps" near the big toe and its curvature. Format incorrect load on the inner part of the foot, which is the outer part and the little finger slightly raised.
The operation condition of the disease has very negative effects: cutting pains excessive load on the spine, its curvature, the appearance of arthritis and osteoarthritis, clubfoot, bunions. You need a proper timely treatment, as well as the use of individually tailored shoes orthopedic.
The main causes of the deformity:
The disease can also cause the appearance of varicose veins, flat feet, congenital defects, trauma, intensive joint mobility and others.
Even uncomfortable shoes or boots that enables the development of bones in the foot, however, are not the root cause. The deformation arises from the improper disposition of the load in the internal part of the foot, which is the outer part and the little finger slightly raised. It is the interruption of the connective tissue (ligaments).
More importantly, what can we do to prevent the disease to choose the right shoes or using orthopedic staff at the time, not wasting time.
hallux valgus degree is measured using the following variables:
Therefore, there are different degrees of valgus deformation of the big toe:
The disease in children can be congenital or acquired. However, the first appearance of the disease is very rare, while the second of the causes that often connective tissue dysplasia, which leads to minuit ligaments, that can not withstand the excessive pressure of the spine. In addition, an inadequate baby shoes, bad ecology, excessive weight, genetic predisposition also contribute to the development of this disease.
In medicine it is accepted to distinguish four degrees of hallux valgus disease:
Please note that for the determination of the degree of deformation it is necessary to consult a qualified specialist who was revealed in x-ray the degree of hallux valgus, prescribe an effective treatment.
How can we recognize the presence of this disease?
First, the patients suffer from pain in the feet, that is to say, in the field of the metatarsal bone. It is manifested after a long hike or to the load on the legs. The manifestation of hallux valgus stop in function of their degree of deformation and the scenario is different in the nature and the strength of discomfort in the acute and pain pain.
Second visual deformity of the big toe. As shown in the photo, the foot loses its normal form, the development of the bone ekzistas (hardening of bone tissue – "bump"), and the big toe starts to deviate from its axis and moves to rest, lying on the second finger.
In addition, the phalanges of the second and third fingers appear corns, the sensitivity of feet decreases, the swelling and redness of the skin.
Flat hallux deformity of the foot, as has been said previously, is a pathological violation of the provisions of the foot. The pressure is curved, the height is reduced, and its operation proceeds in a way unnatural. Characteristic symptoms:
All these symptoms lead to the conclusion about the presence of abnormalities, but the reliability of the information necessary x-rays and other procedures.
A first step is a thorough examination of the patient to a specialist foot examination of the bones. Timely treatment can be the primary factor in the appointment of treatment. X-ray show that the stages of a patient. Since this disease causes the development of comorbidities, after the above procedures, the picture becomes more clear.
Diagnosis of hallux valgus in children is more complicated. For the full study, detection, causes and complications of the disease recommended treatment by several specialists: pediatric orthopedist, the neurologist and the surgeon. Depending on external manifestations doctor prescribes:
Attention! To notice the symptoms of hallux valgus in a child, in any case, do not spend self-treatment, as this can contribute not only to the progress of the disease, but also lead to complications.
The disease is given to avoiding treatments in the majority of cases. The main ways of dealing with valgus deformity of the big toe are:
These methods of treatment is also indicated for hallux valgus in children. Experience as a medical doctor can be assigned to electrophoresis, electrical or magnetic stimulation of the muscles, it would be useful paraffin and swimming.
Depending on the stage of a warp use different forms of rectification.
When you run 3 degrees of the disease may need an extreme measure of surgery. Is divided into several types:
As is clear from the above, Flat hallux deformity of the foot is quite common, especially in women. It lends itself well to an effective treatment in children and adults. Timely detection and adequate treatment will prevent its development and complications. Follow for the health of the feet, and please you with its strength, beauty, stamina for many years.