Conservative methods of treatment of valgus deformation of the big toe

Orthopedic disease, popularly known as "bone on foot" is called "valgus deformity of the big toe". Many believe that the phenomenon unpleasant cosmetic defect, but, in fact, in the joint develops inflammation.

valgus deformity of the finger

Bursitis of the big toe can be cured without surgery at an early stage of the disease, while the negative changes were not irreversible. The delay in the visit to the doctor often leads to the need of surgical intervention.

General Information

Bone in the foot, a bit of aesthetic education, aggravating the appearance of the feet, causing discomfort when walking. A patient suffering bursitis of the first toe, can't wear beautiful shoes, while driving, there are sensations in the feet.

Valgus deformity, not only it is not a defect, it is a signal of metabolic disorders, irregular way of life. The main category of patients - women aged 45-50 years and older, often, obesity and endocrine disorders.

Recognize orthopedic condition is easy: when valgus deformity of the first finger is bent and is seen inside the set stands out. The more strong, the degree of damage, the more "sticking stone". When I degree of pathology of the angle of deviation of the big toe is 15 degrees, with II - 20 degrees, III - 30 degrees. The compensation of the 1st finger to the fourth, the most severe hallux valgus, is of more than 30 degrees.

Important! Negative changes in the metatarsophalangeal joint is not going to happen in a single day, the patient may notice the first signs of bursitis, see a doctor. In severe stage orthopedic diseases of folk methods, orthoses and pharmacy drugs ineffective. The age of the patient, the less the chances of success of the therapy conservative.

Why bunion

Doctors have identified two main reasons for the development of the pathology articulate:

  • the factors of its appearance. If you have them "bone on foot" sooner or later will occur;
  • risk factors. If their presence increases the likelihood of developing bursitis of the big toe.

Patients often do not know what is usual employment or lifestyle are the cause of orthopedic disorders. As soon as it will become clear that due to the valgus deformity, the easier it is to give up some habits in order to reduce the risk of unpleasant and painful education.

Factors:

  • the weakness of the metatarsal joint due to the deformation of the foot;
  • failures in metabolic processes;
  • failure, pathological changes in the tendinous apparatus.

The combination of negative factors leads to a change of the angle between the first and second metatarsal bones, dislocation of the elements of the base of the foot. Head sticking out of the knee - this is an ugly "bump" that protrudes under the skin cover.

Risk Factors:

  • always wearing uncomfortable, tight shoes, high heels. Incorrect position of the foot, slowly causes deformation of the 1-th finger;
  • weight. Extra pounds increase the pressure on the joints worsens the condition of the lower extremities;
  • violation of metabolic processes. The deposition of salts of uric acid, diabetes worsen the condition of the locomotor system;
  • features of the structure of the foot, for example, the first metatarsal bone of greater length than is necessary;
  • the genetic predisposition. Negative changes occur when the genetics of pathologies of the locomotor system, poor metabolism, identified immediately after the birth;
  • arthritis and arthrosis of different etiology in the chronic form. In the long-term pathological process affects the health of the joints. Negative Factors against the background of diseases of the joints often cause ugly "os";
  • old age. As the aging bones become more fragile, leached of calcium, the production of synovial fluid is reduced, increasing the abrasion of the articulating heads, and cartilage. On the background of degenerative changes increases the risk of deformation of the metatarsophalangeal joint;
  • transverse flatfoot. The defect is more common in women. Incorrect position of the foot does not depend on the type of footwear, cause - congenital joint abnormalities.

Diagnosis

Diagnosis

The first session of valgus deformity in the thumb area, the majority of patients self-medicating. In the course are miracle creams, medicated baths, plasters for the reabsorption of wells, and other methods.

Sometimes the deformation stops, but often the disease progresses against the background of negative factors, the deterioration of the health of the cartilage and bones as before. Only a doctor experienced will examine the problem, develop a treatment plan.

The diagnosis of the disease, therapy, pathology, surgeon or traumatologist-orthopedist. When bursitis often requires the help of an endocrinologist, and therapist.

Methods of treatment without surgery

Conservative therapy is effective at 1 and 2 degrees of hallux valgus. Need maximum effort on the part of the patient, the discipline and the strict observance of the guidelines of treatment. The traditional methods are ineffective, compresses, baths, home ointment slightly reduce the inflammation, reduce the pain, but the basis for them to take with you.

Important! In the absence of adequate therapy of the pathology orthopedic comes in a heavy, 3 or 4 degree develops osteomyelitis, swollen feet, painful corns appear, suppuration. In advanced cases, large angle offset of the 1st finger patient has difficulty in walking, movement deliver excruciating pain, buy shoes often ends in a nervous failure because of the complexity of the appropriate choice of shoes or boots.

The emphasis is on the following methods:

  • special exercises. The main aim of the physiotherapy is to strengthen leg muscles, increase the elasticity of the ligaments, prevent stasis venous, promote the flow of blood in the capillaries. Complex physical therapy will show a doctor. The exercise actively involved the ankle, toes, knee joints, the patient should point my toes, move your fingers. Effective popular exercises for the legs: "the Bicycle", "Scissors";
  • the increase of weight. The appearance of extra pounds is excessive pressure on the joints, cartilage. When a large weight of the patient suffers from "bones in the finger," need to lose weight back to optimum performance. Proper diet plus physical activity are the main methods of struggle with a high body mass;
  • shoes orthopedic. Another required element of therapy conservative. The doctor will individually pick up a soft, wide shoes with a special "glass" (hard device) for the thumb area. Constantly wearing special shoes the development of the "bones" was suspended (for the success of the treatment also have to implement the other provisions of the medical plan);
  • the use of the orthoses. Special orthopedic devices that help in early bursitis of the first toe. Modern and loyalty will return the first finger in the position usual, considerably reduce the size of the "bones". Many experts recommend blocking gel Valgus Pro of the brand in different degrees of pathology orthopedic. With a small angle of deviation valgus deformity gradually disappeared in the more serious stages, "bulging bones" is considerably reduced;
  • drugs. Relieve pain, reduce inflammation will help you in non-steroidal anti-inflammatory compounds, hormones for intraarticular injections, pain killers. Some orthotics and exercises ugly "bone fingers" you can't cure it, if the interior inflammation of the joint develops. Baths, wraps with products and medicinal herbal teas are less effective than the treatment of the patient's joint from the inside.
The emphasis is on the following methods

In some cases, surgery is necessary

When severe, 3 and 4 stages of the disease, the thumb turn is 30 degrees or more conservative therapy has a positive impact on the state of the problem joint. Bright marked valgus curvature - the reason for the appointment to the surgeon orthopedic.

The operation for excising the painful "bone" has been removed from the list of dangerous, trigger severe complications. Modern methods of returning the patient to the joy of movement, removed the ugly hill on the side of the foot without serious consequences for the organism.

Common of the surgical procedure:

  • Chevron-osteotomy. Effective method of correction when the angle of deviation to 17 degrees;
  • minimally invasive correction of curvature. Jewelry work requires high qualification of the surgeon. The method shows excellent results even in severe forms of the disease;
  • the scarf osteotomy. A technique that corrects the position at different angle of deformation (17-40 degrees). The method provides for the fixing of the phalange of the finger of the big foot screws titanium after manual correction of the displaced bone.

After a surgical treatment of the patient is in the process of rehabilitation to restore the functions of the foot. Recommended to wear special shoes in the afternoon, the mandatory imposition of a special splint at night, taking painkillers and antibiotics for the prevention of inflammatory processes in the operated region.

In the exact fulfillment of the methodology 3 weeks after the surgery, the person returns to normal life, to forget about the discomfort when walking, and pain syndrome.

Preventive recommendations

Congenital Anomalies of the foot and hereditary predisposition factors, the effect of which is to avoid impossible. Age-related changes can be corrected, if a person maintains a healthy lifestyle, monitoring the health.

After the study of the list of causes of valgus deformity in the region of the first finger of the foot, it is easy to see: it is possible to mitigate some of the factors that impede the development of the pathology orthopedic. Surgeons and orthopedists suggest you to control the musculoskeletal system, in the time to pay attention to the first signs of inflammation.

Preventive measures:

  • therapy of endocrine pathologies;
  • selection of the best heel height for long wear;
  • the rejection of the usual "wear" tight shoes;
  • exercises for legs, exercises to improve the elasticity of ligaments;
  • the physical activity;
  • the fight against excess weight;
  • correction of flat feet, wearing shoes orthopedic;
  • proper diet, slow down the process of aging in different parts of the body, including the musculoskeletal system.
Preventive recommendations
Conservative treatment for valgus distortion of the big toe will be a success if timely treatment to the doctor. The bumps on the side of the foot is not only ugly and inconvenient, but also dangerous to health. That before doctor will prescribe treatment, the lower is the risk of complications and surgery.
07.08.2018